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Paul’s practice spans the full range of public, human rights and commercial law as well as allied areas, including competition and regulation, employment, EU and international law, environmental, media and sports law. He is described as “A safe and knowledgeable pair of hands who is empathetic towards clients” and as a barrister “with excellent judgement.” (Legal 500, 2020).

Paul is regularly instructed in high-profile and complex cases, including one of The Lawyer’s Top 20 Cases this year, and has appeared unled on numerous occasions before the Court of Appeal. He also has a busy practice as a junior as part of a counsel team. Paul has been appointed to the Attorney General’s panel of counsel.


Paul’s public law practice covers areas which principally affect individuals, and areas principally affecting business. Paul’s current practice includes significant Brexit-related work, which includes aspects of both. He is ranked in the legal directories as a leading junior in administrative and public law and immigration law .


Of public law areas affecting individuals, Paul has particular expertise in:

Notable and recent cases in these areas include:

  • R (Bell) v The Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation Trust (2020, ongoing) – Challenge to the ability of children with gender dysphoria to consent to hormone blocking treatment
  • R (English Democrats) v The Prime Minister (2020, ongoing) – Wholesale challenge to Covid-19 lockdown regulations.
  • R (Joshi) v Secretary of State for Health and Social Care (2020, ongoing) – Challenge in relation to provision of PPE for healthcare workers during coronavirus pandemic and disproportionate impact on BAME communities and healthcare workers
  • R (Paget) v Secretary of State for Health and Social Care (2020, settled) – Challenge to coronavirus lockdown on grounds breaches Claimant’s right to marry under Art 12 ECHR
  • Advising in relation to quarantine requirements when travelling to the UK during coronavirus pandemic
  • R (Petek) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (2020, settled) – Challenge to the re-imposition of Universal Credit work search requirements
  • R (Vincent) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions [2020] EWHC 1976 (Admin) – Disability discrimination challenge to the conversion of Support for Mortgage Interest into a loan repayable on sale of a claimant’s home
  • PF v Disclosure and Barring Service [2020 UKUT 256 (AAC)– Test case before the Presidential panel on the scope of the Tribunal’s jurisdiction in error of fact cases
  • Andrew Lownie v Cabinet Office (2020) – claim for failing to comply with data subject access request (settled)
  • Department for Transport v Information Commissioner (2020) – ongoing appeal in relation to decision that civil service staff surveys be released pursuant to freedom of information request
  • R(Parkin) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions [2019] EWHC 2356 (Admin) – Challenge to the Minimum Income Floor used to assess the income of gainfully self-employed Universal Credit claimants in determining how much Universal Credit they should receive.
  • R(London Enterprise Academy) v OFSTED [2019] EWHC 2282 (Admin) – Challenge to decision that the Claimant school was ‘inadequate’ and should be placed into special measures.
  • R(FDA, PCSU and Prospect) v Minister for the Cabinet Office [2018] EWHC 2746 (Admin) – Challenge to lack of consultation with trade unions in relation to civil service pay award
  • R(Buxton) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions [2018] EWHC 2196 (Admin) – Challenge to cap on Access to Work awards on basis of disability discrimination (led by Zoe Leventhal)
  • R(B) v Office of the Independent Adjudicator for Higher Education [2018] EWHC 1971 (Admin) – Successfully acted for the OIA in the lead case on decisions relating to the eligibility of complaints and the appropriate standard of review (sole counsel)
  • CH and KN v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions [2018] UKUT 330 (AAC) – Appeal as to extent to which decision makers must obtain, in determining eligibility to Personal Independence Payment, evidence submitted by a claimant in a previous claim to Disability Living Allowance.
  • R(Gina Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the EU [2017] UKSC 5 – Represented the ‘Expat Interveners’ in the successful challenge to the Government’s proposed notification of the UK’s intention to leave the EU without statutory authority (led by Patrick Green QC)
  • R(MA (Pakistan)) v Upper Tribunal [2016] EWCA Civ 705 (on appeal to Supreme Court) – Acted for the lead Appellants in test case on when a parent without leave to remain can rely on their non-British child’s long residence in the UK to resist removal under s.117B(6) of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 and Article 8.
  • Demirtaş and others v Turkey (ECtHR) – Represent (as sole counsel) Article 19 and Human Rights Watch in their intervention in this important case relating to the removal of Turkish MPs’ Parliamentary immunity and their arrest and detention.
  • Bytyqi v Republic of Serbia (ECtHR) – Advised the family of three American-Kosovan Albanians killed by Serbian police in proposed claim to the European Court of Human Rights for breach of the investigative duty under Article 2 ECHR
  • R(LW) v Warwickshire County CouncilSuccessful judicial review of local authority’s pathway plan in respect of a ‘former relevant child’
  • X v Secretary of State for the Home Department – Judicial review challenge in respect of decision not to grant passport on national security grounds
  • R(Latef) v Secretary of State for the Home Department – Judicial review of refusal to renew passport on basis SSHD wrongly thought applicant was British
  • R(Zia and another) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] UKUT 191 (IAC) – the leading case on when telephone advice given by Home Office advisors can create enforceable legitimate expectations
  • El-Dinnaoui v Westminster City Council [2013] EWCA Civ 231 – leading case in relation to local authorities’ statutory duty to investigate medical conditions before determining whether accommodation provided to a homeless person is ‘suitable’


Paul’s public law practice in areas affecting business spans:

Examples of Paul’s work in these areas include:

  • FCA competition investigation into asset management firms (led by Rhodri Thompson QC)
  • Advice on vertical restraints in the high end beauty industry
  • Advice on vires of Environment Agency to enter and damage commercial property under the Water Resources Act 1991
  • EU Commission Investigation into the dumping of Vinyl Acetate: Successfully represented a manufacturer of vinyl acetate in the USA in European Commission investigation into its alleged dumping of the plastic on to the EU market (led by Philip Bentley QC)
  • Payday lending investigations: Represented a ‘payday lender’ in respect of the FSA, Competition Commission and FCA’s respective investigations into the market for high-cost short-term credit
  • Advice in relation to the vires of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme
  • Advice to major debt collector in respect of extensive regulatory failings
  • FCA authorisation: Advice in relation to proposed revocation of authorisation by the FCA
  • Advice on the interplay between public procurement in a member state, the customs union created by the EU-Turkish Association Agreement and Regulation 1/95 and the free movement of goods
  • Advice to a higher education consortium on whether funding for enterprise scheme constituted unlawful state aid
  • Advice to an internationally renowned arts organisation as to whether local authority grant constituted unlawful state aid
  • Advice to a University on the acquisition of various broadcasting licenses
  • Advice as to the suspension of pharmaceutical manufacture and distribution licenses under EU Regulations and Directives on the supply onto the market of counterfeit medicines
  • Advice whether a joint venture shareholder agreement preventing one of the parties to it entering into a joint venture with any other party breached Article 101 TFEU


Paul has considerable experience of a wide variety of commercial disputes and regularly appears in the Commercial Court, the Technology and Construction Court and the Chancery Division. As well as the full range of commercial contractual and tortious disputes (including conspiracy and other economic torts), Paul has particular expertise in banking, EU law related and multi-party commercial disputes, as well as conflicts of laws issues and directors’ duties and other commercial employment issues.

Paul is currently writing the practitioners’ text on Abuse of Process for Oxford University Press and is a contributor to the leading loose-leaf text on consumer credit, Goode, Consumer Credit: Law and Practice.

Paul has experience of obtaining freezing orders and other injunctions at short notice to recover, secure and trace at-risk assets and to unwind fraudulent transactions.

Recent and notable cases include:

  • Acted in complex asset tracing claim, including to reverse gift of property to defraud creditors under section 423 of the Insolvency Act 1981, associated freezing order applications
  • Geared Traded Endowment Policies LitigationOn-going multi-party multimillion-pound claim in relation to loans entered into to gear investments in Traded Endowment Policies
  • Burrell v Helical (Bramshott Place) Ltd [2015] EWHC 3727 (Ch) – leading claim in respect of the meaning of “credit” in the Consumer Credit Act 1974 and whether exit fees in leases of properties in retirement villages were unfair terms
  • The Bomu-Bonny Oil Pipeline Litigation (TCC): Part of the counsel team for the Defendant in this group litigation relating to oil spills in the Niger Delta, involving a variety of private international law issues
  • The PIP Breast Implant Litigation (QB): Instructed to defend contractual claims against a clinic in respect of breast implants used which were of unsatisfactory quality.
  • Waterland v Bank of Scotland plc (ChD): Sole counsel in claim in respect of wrongful conversion of various secured lending facilities from Sterling into Swiss Francs (settled at mediation)
  • Hills-Smith v Steiner (Admiralty Court): Claim for breach of contract occurring in international waters, involving a variety of jurisdiction and applicable law issues
  • Shaw v Stryker Corp: Jurisdiction dispute in relation to contract for supply of hip replacements
  • Injunctive proceedings in support of an arbitration relating to the breakdown of a dental practice
  • Interest Rate Hedging Products: Advice to a major retail bank in respect of a number of missold interest rate hedging products and in particular the extent of recoverable losses and applicable principles of causation
  • Advised on claim for breach of copyright by song-writer in respect of well-known number 1 hit
  • Financial Ombudsman Service complaints: Regularly advises and drafts representations by both complainants and respondents in relation to complaints to the FOS and has advised on judicial review of FOS Final Determinations
  • Various consumer credit disputes: Instructed in claims covering the whole range of issues under the CCA and related Regulations and provisions of the FCA handbook, including non-compliance with ss.60-64, 77-78 and 87-88 of the CCA, unfair relationships under ss.140A of the CCA, time orders, unfair terms in consumer contracts claims, penalty clauses


Paul practises in all areas of media, information and data protection law. He is regularly instructed on data protection and freedom of information matters Paul worked extensively on MGN Ltd v United Kingdom [2011] EMLR 20 (on costs and freedom of expression) when he worked in the Registry of the European Court of Human Rights and was instructed in respect of the Construction Industry Vetting Information Group Litigation, a large claim for breach of the Data Protection Act 1998. He also has experience of defamation and breach of confidence proceedings and music copyright. He has a particular expertise in applications to strike out claims on the basis that they are a Jameel abuse of process.


Paul has experience of various employment related matters, including discrimination, TUPE transfers, restrictive covenants, whistleblowing and unfair dismissal claims and has represented both claimants and respondents in multi-day Employment Tribunal proceedings and the EAT. He is also fully familiar with duties imposed by the Equality Act 2010 outside of (as well as within) the work context, including local authority equality duties and the duties imposed in the provision of services.

Recent and current cases include:

  • Benyatov v Credit Suisse Securities (Europe) Ltd – on-going High Court claim for £47million brought by banker against his former employer in respect of the consequences of his prosecution and conviction for espionage while working for the bank in Romania (Led by Tom Linden QC and Paul Goulding QC).
  • Hopkins v Secretary of State for JusticeSuccessfully defended high-profile whistleblowing claim by analyst whose research indicated that the Sex Offender Treatment Programme in prisons may increase the likelihood of reoffending (sole counsel)

Paul was previously instructed on the Construction Industry Vetting Information Group Litigation. He also regularly gives advice to HR professionals on data protection and modern slavery.


Paul has experience is a variety of environmental law disputes, both civil and criminal. He was part of the team of counsel defending The Bomy-Bonny Oil Pipeline Litigation, a 15,000 plus claimant international environmental group action arising out of a major oil spill in Nigeria. He has recently both defended Environment Agency prosecutions and advised as to the EA’s powers to enter land and damage property under the Water Resources Act 1991.


Paul had a first career as a professional musician. He holds a first class music degree and licentiate diploma from the Royal Academy of Music, London, and was Woodwind finalist in BBC Young Musician of the Year.

Paul subsequently studied for an accelerated 2-year law degree at Cambridge and undertook the Bar Vocational Course at BPP Law School.

In 2011/12, Paul spent a year as Judicial Assistant to Lord Dyson and Lord Walker at the UK Supreme Court. Prior to this he worked at the European Court of Human Rights.

Paul was a lecturer in law at the Open University from 2010-2012.


Abuse of Process (forthcoming, Oxford University Press)

‘Caveat creditor: difficulties in unfair relationship claims’ (2016) 30 Butterworths Journal of International Banking and Financial Law 555

‘Retrospective Invalidation of Administrative Decisions – The Reverse Second Actor’ (2014) 130 Law Quarterly Review 382

‘Freedom of expression, subsidiarity and “no win no fee” agreements’ [2011] EHRLR 329

‘Trigger Happy’ (2010) 154(42) SJ 16




South Eastern Circuit

Paul is regulated by the Bar Standards Board and accepts instructions under Standard Contractual Terms. To find out more information on this and the way we work at Matrix, including our fee transparency statement, please see our see our service standards.


Paul is listed within The Legal 500 2017 as a leading junior within Property Litigation and Agriculture. He is “a careful and thoughtful barrister, who eases the most emotional and vulnerable clients.”