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Claire Darwin is a senior junior who specialises in Employment, Discrimination and Education Law, and undertakes work in the related fields of Public and EU Law.

She is ranked as a leading junior in Employment Law and Education Law in both Chambers & Partners UK and the Legal 500. She is one of the Attorney General’s Junior Counsel to the Crown (B Panel), a small panel of barristers appointed to advise and represent the UK government in civil cases in England and Wales.

Claire has appeared in over 20 full appeals in the Employment Appeal Tribunal, many of which have been reported. She has appeared both led and unled in the Court of Appeal, and as junior counsel in matters before the Supreme Court and European Court of Human Rights.

Claire is an experienced and skilled trial advocate. Chambers & Partners (2016) noted that Claire “is well known for the strength of her advocacy” and is “an excellent cross-examiner.”  She appears very regularly in the Employment Tribunal, the County Court and the High Court. She has acted in a variety of mediations and other forms of Alternative Dispute Resolution.

Claire has significant experience of complex multi-party/group actions in the Employment Tribunal, County Court and High Court. She was sole counsel for Arriva during the two week trial of the disability discrimination claims brought by 16 wheelchair users against Arriva. She was instructed as junior counsel for the Secretary of State in a series of test cases challenging the compulsory retirement age of 70 for judges and Tribunal lay members, and she is currently instructed as junior counsel for the Met Office defending equal pay claims brought by 77 women.

Claire’s full CV is available here and her Employment CV is available here.

Claire’s recent significant cases include:

  • Walker v Innospec Ltd & Ors, Supreme Court: the leading case on whether a gay couple are entitled to pension benefits which accrued before the date when the Civil Partnership Act 2004 came into force. Claire is representing Innospec Ltd, led by Nicholas Randall QC. Please click here for the Court of Appeal’s judgment. See here for example of media coverage. The appeal is due to be heard by the Supreme Court in November 2016.
  • Met Office equal pay claims: 77 women are bringing equal pay claims against the Met Office. Claire is junior counsel for the Met Office.
  • Krishna Moorthy v HMRC, Court of Appeal: whether all payments made to settle discrimination claims are subject to income tax. The appeal is due to be heard by the Court of Appeal in May 2017.
  • Andrea Brown v Met Police: high profile workplace privacy claim. See here for example of media coverage.
  • Trojan Horse teachers: Claire was instructed in the professional conduct proceedings in 2015/6. The hearing was 7 weeks long, and involved thousands of pages of documentary evidence and 29 days of live witness evidence. Claire is instructed in the related employment proceedings. See here for example of media coverage.
  • Secretary of State for Justice v Low[2016] IRLR 22, Employment Appeal Tribunal: on the “substitution mindset” of Employment Judges determining gross misconduct claims.
  • Black and Ors v Arriva North East Limited [2014] EWCA Civ 1115 and [2013] EWCA Civ 1717, Court of Appeal: leading case on the duty to make reasonable adjustments in relation to the wheelchair space on buses. Claire was instructed to represent Arriva in the Court of Appeal, having successfully represented Arriva as sole counsel at the trial below.
  • Ashworth and others  v. Royal National Theatre [2014] IRLR 526: breach of contract and specific performance claim brought by the War Horse musicians. Claire was instructed (led by James Laddie QC) at the interim relief stage, and as junior counsel in the High Court litigation. See here for example of media coverage.

Employment and Discrimination Law

Claire undertakes a wide range of Employment work. Chambers & Partners 2015 records that “her practice spans all levels of employment law” and that she is “well-known for the strength of her advice on TUPE and discrimination cases.” The Legal 500 notes that Claire is a “very bright and hardworking junior” and that she is “commercially minded.”  Claire has extensive experience of both individual and collective employment disputes, including industrial action and trade union law.

Claire is known for her expertise in complex discrimination matters.  In 2017 she will appear in high profile discrimination cases in both the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeal. She has a wealth of experience of discrimination claims relating to work, goods and services, premises, education and public functions. She undertakes a significant amount of advisory work in this area, particularly in the transport, retail, education and financial services sectors.  She is the editor of the Practical Law Company’s guide to discrimination in the provision of goods and services.

Claire has a particular interest in and experience of advising on TUPE, having appeared in several of the leading appellate cases on service provision changes (Rynda (UK) Ltd v Rhijnsburger and Enterprise v Connect-Up). She is regularly instructed in high value multi-party TUPE litigation, including the high profile and lengthy litigation after Jarvis Rail Ltd went into administration, and the recent Thomson Directories litigation. She has a good understanding of related aspects of corporate insolvency law.

Many of Claire’s cases involve EU law, including issues arising under the Working Time Regulations 1998. She acted for the Appellant in Daler-Rowney Ltd v Revenue and Customs Commissioners [2015] ICR 63, on the compatibility of the National Minimum Wage Regulations 1999 with Article 45 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. She has subsequently been instructed to advise on a number of national minimum wage disputes, often involving large numbers of employees. She is instructed as junior counsel in Walker v Innospec Ltd & Ors [2016] ICR 182, due to be heard by the Supreme Court shortly on the “future effects principle” and whether EU law prohibiting discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation has retrospective effect. Recent significant instructions include acting for HRMC as junior counsel in a group of related appeals, in which a reference to the CJEU is sought. Claire is a member of the European Employment Lawyers Association, the UK Association for European Law (UKAEL) and the Bar European Group.

Claire is often instructed in Employment Tribunal cases where there are linked High Court proceedings. She regularly appears in the High Court, including in wrongful dismissal, restrictive covenant, bonus and commission claims. She is regularly instructed to seek or resist applications for injunctive relief, most recently in the high profile War Horse litigation: Ashworth & Ors v National Theatre. She has been instructed in a number of LLP and partnership disputes, notably Tiffin v Lester Aldridge (on partnership status).

Public and Education Law

Claire acts for the UK government and other public bodies in a wide range of public law matters, including education, equality and discrimination, human rights, freedom of information and data protection. She is particularly well known for Public Law and Education cases which raise equality issues, including public sector equality duty cases. She was junior counsel in R v Bideford Town Council [2012] 2 All ER 1175, the high profile judicial review of the practice of saying prayers during meetings of the Town Council. Claire recently acted for the government in R (A) v Secretary of State for Justice CO/4210/2015, a judicial review regarding the provision of wheelchair accessible cells for disabled prisoners.

Much of Claire’s Education work is in the High Court and County Courts. She regularly advises and represents schools, colleges, universities, the Office of the Independent Adjudicator (the OIA), the Department for Education and individual students in relation to a wide range of education matters. She has extensive experience of judicial review claims in education matters. Claire’s recent education work has included an appeal against the removal of an independent school from the register of independent schools kept by the Department for Education, and acting for the OIA in a judicial review concerning the fitness to practise of a medical student. She represented one of five teachers at the 7 week long professional conduct proceedings concerning the so-called Trojan Horse teachers in 2015-16. Chambers and Partners (2014) recognised that Claire is “highly regarded in the education field” and the 2016 edition notes that “she is incredibly pragmatic and proactive in approaching cases.”

Publications, Education and Appointments

Claire has lectured and written widely on matters within her expertise, including as a contributor to the and blogs. Claire is co-author of the chapter on Discrimination in Employment in Bullen & Leake & Jacob’s Precedents of Pleadings, 18th edition, and the editor of the Practical Law Company’s Guide to Discrimination in the Provision of Goods and Services. She is also co-author of the chapter on the Relationship between Freedom of Information and Data Protection in the Law Society’s Freedom of Information Handbook (3rd edition, December 2012), and was a Contributing Editor of the Education Law Journal from 2012-5. Her article, Procedural Fairness on Appeal: Is O’Cathail No Longer Good Law?, was published in the Industrial Law Journal in September 2016 (Ind Law J (2016) 45 (3) pp 423-43).

Claire has been appointed to the Attorney General’s Panel of Junior Counsel to the Crown (B Panel), and was previously a member of the C Panel.

Claire studied History at Cambridge University and EU Law at King’s College London. She has a very good working knowledge of both German and Spanish. She is an approved Pupil Supervisor, and sits on a Sub-Committee of the Bar Council’s Equality and Diversity Committee.

Claire accepts instructions under the Bar Council Standard Contractual Terms, details of which can be found here.

Articles and downloads


“Exceptionally bright and hardworking, and undoubtedly one of the leading lights on TUPE and discrimination.” (Legal 500 2016)

“An experienced appellate advocate, who is well known for the strength of her advocacy.”; “A well-prepared adviser and an excellent cross-examiner.” (Chambers & Partners 2016)

“She is incredibly pragmatic and proactive in approaching cases.” (Chambers & Partners 2016)

“She genuinely cares about her clients and their cases, and is not afraid to push boundaries” (Legal 500 2015)

“A very quick thinker on her feet, she is a rising star at the set.”; “A really strong advocate, she knows when and when not to be aggressive.”; “She is down to earth and clear in her explanations.” (Chambers & Partners 2015)

“An impressive advocate on special educational needs cases for appellants. She is confident and assertive, and takes a proactive approach to case strategy.” (Chambers & Partners 2015)

“Very reliable, and particularly strong in discrimination claims.” (Legal 500 2014)

“She’s very responsive and diligent, particularly on TUPE and discrimination claims.” (Chamber & Partners 2014)

“I would not hesitate to recommend her. She adopts a very proactive approach.” (Chamber & Partners 2014)

“Claire Darwin is a very bright and hardworking junior.” (Legal 500 2013)

“Claire Darwin is frequently instructed in Employment Tribunal and appellate matters by leading firms. Her recent cases include the collective redundancy case of Phillips v Xtera Communciations.” (Chambers & Partners 2013)

“Claire Darwin is gaining an increasing reputation for her appellate work, and has recently appeared before the ECHR. In other matters, she has been in the Court of Appeal on a case involving a child’s permanent exclusion from school, and has also handled an important case that could result in judicial guidance for Independent Appeal Panels on their role when determining discrimination claims.” (Chambers & Partners 2013)

“Recommended juniors include the ‘commercially minded’ Claire Darwin.” (Legal 500, 2012)

“Confident and assertive, she is a real star in the making (Chambers and Partners 2012)